Post are to be used for the site’s primary (or only) chronologically ordered content. Examples of this may be blog posts or news articles.
Use collections for any logically grouped content, chronological or not, that are not posts. Examples of collections might be employees, puppies, or releases. Each logical group of documents should be their own collection. For more information, see explain like I’m five: Jekyll collections.
Use pages for any non-chronological content that cannot be logically grouped together (and thus are not posts or collections). Examples of pages might be the index page, an about page, a contact us page, or a resume page.
Use data (YAML, JSON, or CSV files in the
_data folder) for site-wide content or other primarily static information that is not otherwise rendered as individual files like documents or pages.
Examples of data might be the site’s authors, a list of press clippings, or a glossary of terms.
Generally, the distinction between collections and data is that data files do not have a large markdown body, and live in a single file, rather than multiple files. Unlike collections, data files cannot render as individual files.
The data folder is not a substitute for the site’s
_config.yml file. Data files should contain information about the subject of the site, while the config file contains settings that deterimine how the site is built.